SYNCHROTRON RADIATION (XAFS)
The best way to record X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) spectra is with a strong beam of X-rays from a synchrotron, a good-resolution double crystal or curved crystal spectrometer, and detectors like ionization chambers, scintillation counters, solid-state detectors, etc.
A very powerful source of X-rays is a synchrotron. Electrons with a lot of energy move around the synchrotron, which makes the X-rays. Synchrotron science is based on one physical fact: when an electron that is moving changes direction, it gives off energy.
Synchrotron radiation is the electromagnetic radiation that is made when charged particles move in curved paths. Magneto-Bremsstrahlung is another name for synchrotron radiation. This is because the paths of particles in most accelerators are changed by magnetic fields.
Since a beam degrader isn’t needed, the synchrotron has low secondary neutrons and scattered radiation. This means that the patient and facility are less likely to be exposed to radiation that isn’t needed. Also, among the two-particle accelerators, the synchrotron is the one that uses the least amount of energy.
The electron synchrotron is used to speed up electrons, and the proton synchrotron is used to speed up protons. In high-energy particle physics research, these kinds of accelerators are used to study particles that are smaller than atoms.